Democritus and the atoms

Plato was walking home, it was a hot afternoon, and he just wanted to get back into the cool space of his house. He was in a rush, despite the temperature, not only because he wanted to get home, but also be-cause he was in a bad temper. Plato was annoyed, something this ridiculous had not happened to him for quite some time. He was a well-established philosopher, certainly amongst the most renowned ones in Athens, and Athens that was at that time the center of the world – at least the civilized word. As every morning, Plato had gone into the Academy, a school he had founded, to teach some of his students phi-losophy. This time, things had been different. This time, an old man had been standing around, asking whether he might benefit from Plato’s wisdom. And Plato, feeling a bit flattered by the old man’s admira-tion, had agreed. Oh, what a fool he was! ...

  • Storytelling Resources

  • Historical Resources

A Primary Sources (Greek)
Aristotle: De caelo, english translation 1922,  online available:
Plato: Plato: Timaeus and Critias ; Translated Into English with Introductions and Notes on the Text, London 2013.

B Primary Sources (Translations)
Black, John: The Four Elements in Plato’s Timaeus, Lewiston, N.Y u.a. 2000.
Bostock, David: Space, Time, Tatter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle’s Physics, Oxford, Repr. 2009.
Freudenthal, Gad: Aristotle’s Theory of Material Substance: Heat and Pneuma, Form and Soul, Oxford 1999


see also