NOTE: The decision making skills are not bound to the specific activities and can be used according to your preference wherever appropriate. Decision making skills are not obligatory but are presented here as a helping tool. Moreover, you can benefit from these skills in your everyday life!
E-lesson 4: Necessary Decisions: motivational introduction, main structure for a lesson or assessment?
Aim of e-lesson 4 is to help you choose if you are going to use the story in any form as a motivational introduction, as the main structure for a lesson or as a means of assessment. Decision making techniques like Pairwise Comparison or Pareto Analysis (http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTED_01.htm) can help you.
Time required: 20΄
- Make a list of all of the options that you want to compare (e.g. A = story as the main structure of your lesson, B = story as an introduction to your lesson, C = story as an assessment tool). An example of using the story as an assessment tool is to tell or present the story (text, video) and ask students to locate or reflect and connect to the story what they have already been taught).
- Mark your options as both the row and column headings on the worksheet. This is so that you can compare options with one-another.
- Take care so as on the table, the cells where you will compare an option with itself are blocked out. Likewise, each comparison is only to be made in one direction.
- As a result, your table may look like this:
- Within each of the blank cells, compare the option in the row with the option in the column. Decide which of the two options is most important. Write down the letter of the most important option in the cell.
- Then, score the difference in importance between the options, running from zero (no difference/same importance) to, say, three (major difference/one much more important than the other.). e.g.:
- Finally, consolidate the results by adding up the values for each of the options. You may want to convert these values into a percentage of the total score. e.g.: A=1+2=3, B=2, C=0
- If two options score rather similar, consider to revaluate these two options against each other..
(See more about Pairwise Comparison at: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTED_02.htm#sthash.NEdhVBTl.dpuf)
Further Study (Pareto Analysis):
- Write a list of all of the problems that you need to resolve.
- For each problem, identify its fundamental cause.
- Now you need to score each problem.
- Next, group problems together by cause. For example, if three of your problems are caused by insufficient time group them together.
- Add up the scores for each group.
- The group with the top score is your highest priority, and the group with the lowest score is your lowest priority
- Take action by dealing with your top-priority problem, or group of problems, first. Keep in mind that low scoring problems may not even be worth bothering with
(See more about Pareto Analysis at: http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newTED_01.htm#sthash.dLhRZFTC.dpuf)